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Anatoly Kaplan - Street in Mazepovka [Lot: 1684] Sold for: $447  
This item has been sold.
Street in Mazepovka
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Technique: Black and white lithography, 38/125Dimensions: 29x43 cm. (11.4x16.9 in.)
Framed: noSignature: yes
Provenance: Private collectionYear created:
* Price includes buyer's premium with VAT
Biography: Anatoly (Tanhum) Kaplan was born 26 December 1902 in Rogachev (a small town in Belarus) in a large Jewish family. He grew up in a traditional atmosphere. The future artist soaked up the way of life of the "shtetl" and Jewish heritage and spirituality and his childhood impressions remained one of his chief sources of inspiration throughout his life. Later the artist moved in Petrograd (Leningrad) where he lived by the end of his life. However, he frequently returned to his birthplace, which retained to a great degree the mode of the life typical of the Jewish Pale of Settlement ("shtetl"). At age of 20 he entered the Academy of Arts and was graduated from at 1927. He tried various kinds of art, such as drawing, book illustrations, etc.

The years from 1953 to 1963 became the key decade for the artist. It was notable for his indefatigable attempts to find his own model of the world and man, to reveal, and to consummate the most typical traits of graphic form. For many years Kaplan linked his artistic life with Shalom Aleichem, one of the writers who was spiritually closest to him and whose world vision was akin to his. Anatoly Kaplan was an artist and he did not explain, he created his images arisen both from the poetry of his favorite books and from the visual sensation of the world. Kaplan created a long series of lithographs inspired by Shalom Aleichem's books, and especially by "Tevie the Milkman", "The Bewitched Tailor", and "Stempeniu". He also created series of lithographs on the themes of "The Song of Song" and "Jewish Folk Songs". Later, he also made prints on the themes of Mendele Moher-Sforim's "Fishke the Lame" and of stories of J.L. Peretz. Since 1967 Kaplan added to his activities a new field - ceramic relief and sculpture, while continuing to make prints and to paint.

The artist's name won acclaim in the late 1960s and in early 1970s, when his works were being constantly displayed at exhibitions in Leningrad and across the former USSR. By that time he had already won worldwide recognition and his works enjoyed great success in Germany, USA, England, Canada, Austria and Italy. Kaplan failed to meet the requirements of the official art policies in the difficult 1950s. Kaplan is often referred to as artist whose heyday came late. He entered a lithographic studio at the age of 40; at age of 65 he began working with ceramics and became keen on pastels still later, and discovered "dry needle" after passing 70. He always demonstrated great skill and contributed his own individual touch to various techniques and materials: graphite, gouache, pastel, lithographic stone, etching, or ceramics and sculpture.
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Item Tags:  jewish  lithography 
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